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CHALKIDIKI

Where to stay: Chalkidiki Hotels
See also: Chalkidiki Travel Guide

The first to inhabit it were the Thracians, whilst on the peninsula of mountain Athos the first to occupy it were the Pelasgians. The fertile earth and the existence of minerals in the area resulted in many colonies being set up.

Important moments in its history were the destruction of the Mardinio fleet at mountain Athos, the legendary section of Xerxis canal and the siege of Potidea. An important period for the area was that of the Peloponnesian War. Since 348 BC after the destruction of Olynthos by Phillip the 3rd the area belonged to the Macedonian Kingdom. In 168 BC the Romans took over whilst under the Byzantine rule it encountered catastrophically invasions.

In the 9th century the first monasteries were established at Agion Oros, whilst in the 14th century most of the area was under the Serbian rule. The Turkish then enslaved it but it enjoyed special benefits due to the minerals that were there. It took part in the revolution of 1821, was freed in 1912 and in 1922 it welcomed a hoard of refugees from Minor Asia.

The beautiful crystal clear beaches and the well-organized areas attract thousands of tourists every year. The road system is continuously been developed and the entertainment that Chalkidiki offers is exceptional. The villages are gorgeous and traditional. The islands that surround it are many and beautiful. Men can visit the Agion Oros since it allows entrance only to men and enjoy the historical monasteries and beautiful landscapes. For those who love mountain climbing, can enjoy Mount Cholomonta and for the fishermen out there, its best to check the weather since Chalkidiki is known for sudden climate changes. And for hunters, there is little game and is protected so it is best to pay a visit to the hunting associations of Arneas, Kassandrias and Neon Moudanion before starting out.

For those who love sport, can enjoy horseriding, golf, sailing, tennis, basket, volley, surfing and diving. You can buy textiles at Poligiros and at Arnea, thyme honey from the villages of Kassandra and Sithonia. The winery at Porto Karras is open all summer for you to tour the vineyards. In June you can participate in the Sandrine Festical in Nea Roda, the festival of Sotira on the 6th of August at Metamorfosi, on the 20th of July the festical of Profiti Ilia at Ierisso, the Sokratia Festival on the 26th of July at Arnea, the festival of Agia Paraskevi at Galatitsa on the 26th of July the festival of the Virgin Mary on the 15th & 23rd of August in Kalandra, also in Kadssandria the festival of the Virgin Mary on the 8th of September, the festival of Agio Mama on the 2nd of September, the trading fair at Nea Moudania on the 8th of September, the festival of Agion Apostolon in Nea Fokea, and in Neo Marmaras the tuna fishing day and the fairs on the 27th of July and 29th August. All of Chlakidiki is verdurous, hospitable place that you must visit at least once.

External Links :
Chalkidiki Weather
Chalkidiki Map
Chalkidiki History
Chalkidiki Traditional Events
Chalkidiki Entertainment Guide
Chalkidiki Transportation Info
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