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Rhodes Island

Where to stay: Rhodos Hotels
Services : Rent a car

It is known as the island of the Sun God Apollo and as Pindaros says, she was and she was the fruit of love affair between the Sun and the nymph Roda. In ancient times it was called Ethrea, Ofiousa, Asteria, Colimvia and Telhinis. Thought some say that the name Rodos (Rhodes) was acquired from the daughter of Poseidon and some say that it was taken from the blossom (Rose) that is found there. It was first inhabited in the Prehistoric times and in the book Iliada by Homer, it is mentioned that it took part in the Trojan War. The Telhines, followed by the Minoans, the Achei and the Dories, first inhabited it and the last three inhabitants created three powerful cities, Lindos, Ialissos and Kamiro. In the 5th and 4th centuries BC the island already had 5 ports with their municipalities and was the international nautical network at that time. The city of Rhodes was created in 408BC and in 290BC the Colossos was created. It was also at the point in time that the speaker Eshinis, ho was banished to the island, created a college that in time would become the place where many famous personalities would come to continue their studies. In 164BC the island allied itself with Rome and with their help the island's development increased. During the Byzantine Era the island received many attacks from the Persians, Arabs, Venetians, pirates and finally the Crusaders. In 70BC it was taken over by the Romans and then by the Byzantine. In 515AD the 1097 earthquake destroyed the island and it was taken over by the Crusaders. In 1309 it was taken over by the Knights of St. John who also were the ones that surrounded the city with walls. Inside those walls they built the medieval city and the castle and many more monuments that have remained for more than 2 centuries. In 1522 the Turks took over with an army of 200,000 soldiers who were under the command of Souleman. The well-known magistrate Philip Viger de Lil Adam after a heroic fight was forced to surrender the island. In 1912 it was taken over by the Italians until 1948 when it was freed along with the rest of the Dodecanisa and joined together with Greece. The island has 100,000 citizens and is one of the biggest and most cosmopolitan islands in the Dodecanisa, it is full of rich vegetation, streams and small bays. The climate is pleasant; the medieval castles give the island autocratic look and the nightlife is awesome. The natural beauty of the island, the great beaches and many cultural events make it one of the most visited places in Greece. When you visit Rhodes, one thing is for sure, you will have some amazing places to visit. In the Old Town it is forbidden to driven any king of vehicle except those with a special license. In the south of the ld town is where the Franks used to reside, in the east the Jewish and in the Castle the Knights of St. John. The affects that the town received from the Byzantine and Turkish Era and hardly evident. In the Old Town you will find the Palace of the Magistrate, the Road of the Knights, the Castle Walls, the Tower of St. Nikolaos, the Archeological, Byzantine and Folklore Museum, the Clock, the Mosque of Souleman, the Mosque of Pourat Reis, the Tourkish Library, the Turkish Baths and the Knight's Hospital. At the Monte Smith, as the ancient Acropolis was called, Rhodians would give in and record the treates they signed with other cities. The buildings of the Town Hall, the Court, the Prefecture, Postal Office, the Theatre and the Old Market in the new city were all built by the Italians. In the northern point of the port at Mandraki used to hold one of the 7 wonders of the world, the Colossos Statue. At the Rodini you can cool down in the large gardens and also see the sculptured grave of the Ptolemaion. You can also visit the Public Art Gallery, the aquarium where you can see many rare species of fish and the Kastelania Library. For the more faithful a visit to the church of Aghios Panteleimonas, Aghios Fanourios and Evaggelistria is a must. For music lovers the place to be is the Palace where they can see the well known displays of Sound and Light and for those that loved luck games a stop at the casino is a must. The healing spas are found in Kallithea in the settlement that was built by the Italian in 1020 but the best place to be in those hot hot days is the Epta Piges, where you can have a picnic under the shades of the trees and nest to the waterfall and lake. Of course you cannot visit Rhodes and not pass through the town of Lindos built one a rock and has 900 citizens. In the Acropolis of Lindos you can either walk or ride by donkey, where you can admire medievale ruins and monuments. Rhodes reached its pinnacle in the 6th century BC when it was ruled by Kleovoulos, a wise man that descended from royal family in ancient times. In the area of Monis Tharri there is the monastery of Archangel Michael that was built in the 17th century. Other little villages of historic importance are Asklipio, Arhaia Kamiros and Archaia Ialisos. For nature lovers, except for the beautiful Epta Piges, you must visit the 'Butterflies'. A beautiful valley full of vegetation where the butterflies go to multiply on the 15th of June and leave on the 30th of September. There is also the golf course of Afantou where you can enjoy a round. But with all that touring the best place to end up is at the beach. You will find many beautiful and large beaches that will satisfy everyone's tastes. The food in Rhodes is also exceptionally good. For you to be able to tour around the Old City you will need about 3 hours. However, if you want to venture more out into the island, the public transport timetables are good and frequent but if you can it is better to rent a car or bike. Getting to the island is easy. There are daily flights out of Athens and Thessaloniki. By ferryboat from Piraeus, it takes 15 hours. You can also get to the island by plane from Karpathos, Kasos, Kos, Megisti, Heraklion, Santorini, and Mykonos. With Flying Dolphins from Kalymnos, Karpathos, Diafani, Kasos, Kos, Megisti, Nisiros, Symi, Tilos, Chalki, Ikaria, Fournous, Samos, and Astypalaia. And lastly by ferry boat from Astypalaia, Karpathos, Kalymnos, Kasos, Kos, Lipsi, Leros, Megisti, Nisiros, Symi, Tilos, Chalki, Herakleion, Sitia, Limnos, Samos, Chios, Ios, Naxos, Paros, Santorini and Syros.

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